Most psychotherapies work on the principle that it is past developmental experiences, particularly those that occur in childhood, that determine the way that we have learned to integrate an understanding of ourselves in the world.

The process of Psychotherapy examines the relationship between the past and the present. It looks at the significant relationships that we have developed, and asks questions about the connections between these and our present relationships. In this way it is hoped that any difficulties which have occurred will be seen and understood and then re-framed within a helpful context. Psychotherapy works with the present and the unconscious and often uses the client and therapist relationship as a guide for interpreting the dynamics that may occur elsewhere. It is essentially a reflective process.